Yuri Gagarin, cosmonaut of the Soviet Union, on April 12, 1961, made the first manned space flight that lasted 108 minutes. It was a huge step in the exploration of outer space. The time of the great achievements of Soviet scientists. The whole country rejoiced and celebrated!
The feat of Yuri Gagarin, the first cosmonaut and tester of Soviet space technology, will forever remain in people’s memory. After all, it was he who became the first to escape from the cradle of humanity into the airless space of the cosmos.
A bit of history:
There was a departure to the starting position in the bus. Together with comrades — my deputy was Titov German Stepanovich — and all of my fellow astronauts, our bosses went to the start. Got off the bus, but here I was a little confused. Reported not to the chairman of the State Commission, but reported to Sergey Pavlovich and Marshal of the Soviet Union. Just at some point confused.
Yuri Gagarin and German Titov in the bus on the way to the start. Photo from the archive of Vladimir Yaropolov.
“Let’s go!” Shouted Yuri Gagarin (call sign — Kedr) at the time of the launch of the Vostok spacecraft from the Baikonur cosmodrome.
During the launch, the commander of the launch team was Lieutenant Colonel of the Missile Forces Anatoly Kirillov — he gave commands for the missile launch stages and monitored their implementation, observing the missile at the periscope from the command bunker. Leonid Voskresensky, a test scientist for his rocket technology, was his backup at the second periscope.
Start the ship «Vostok». Photo from the archive of Vladimir Yaropolov.
There was a separation of the first stage of the launch vehicle, earned the second stage. “I was literally pressed into a chair,” Gagarin wrote. — As soon as the «East» broke through the dense layers of the atmosphere, I saw the Earth. The ship flew over the wide Siberian river. The islands on it and the sunlit wooded shores were clearly visible. Looked now in the sky, then on Earth. Clearly differed mountain ranges, large lakes. Even the fields were visible. The most beautiful sight was the horizon — the strip painted by all colors of a rainbow dividing the Earth in the light of sun rays from the black sky. There was noticeable bulge, roundness of the Earth. It seemed that all of it was girded with a halo of pale blue color, which, through turquoise, blue and violet, turned to bluish-black. ”
Reset the head fairing booster. On the air, Gagarin’s voice rang out: “I see the Earth … What a beauty!”
There was a TASS message about the launch of a spacecraft. “On April 12, 1961, in the Soviet Union, the world’s first spacecraft-satellite Vostok with a man on board was launched into Earth orbit. Pilot-cosmonaut of the spacecraft-satellite «Vostok» is a citizen of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics pilot Major Gagarin Yuri Alekseevich. The launch of the space multi-stage rocket was successful, and after the first space velocity was set and the spacecraft separated from the last stage of the launch vehicle, the satellite began free flight in orbit around the Earth … cosmonaut Comrade Gagarin transferred the orbit of the spacecraft Vostok to orbit time feels good. Systems that provide the necessary living conditions in the cabin of a satellite ship are functioning normally. The flight of the satellite ship «Vostok» with the pilot-cosmonaut Comrade Gagarin in orbit continues. »
Edition of the Komsomolskaya Pravda newspaper
“After successfully conducting the planned research and carrying out the flight program on April 12, 1961, at 10 hours 55 minutes Moscow time, the Soviet spacecraft Vostok made a safe landing in a given region of the Soviet Union,” the TASS message sounded.
— Pilot-cosmonaut Major Gagarin said: “Please report back to the party and the government that the landing took place normally, I feel good, I don’t have injuries and bruises.”
Order of the Minister of Defense of the USSR
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